Who’s who in the world of climate changeJaki Bell2019-01-21T14:47:33+01:00
Here's your at-a-glance guide to some of the main players in tackling climate change.
They’re just a few of the organisations and terms you might come across as you delve more into global efforts to prevent damaging climate change.
Here in the UK
BEIS, the Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy, is the main government department responsible for tackling climate change. Its role includes:
international climate change, including International Climate Fund
climate science and innovation
energy efficiency and heat, including fuel poverty
Minister: The Rt Hon. Greg Clark MP is the secretary of state with overall responsibility for the department. Looking after the energy and climate change side of things in the department is the Rt Hon. Claire Perry MP, Minister of State for Energy & Clean Growth.
Committee on Climate Change
The Committee on Climate Change (CCC) gives independent advice to government on building a low-carbon economy, including emissions targets, and preparing for climate change. The committee reports to Parliament on progress made on these.
It’s an independent, statutory body established under the Climate Change Act 2008.
It sets out targets for reducing the UK’s greenhouse gas emissions by at least 80% of 1990 levels by 2050.
It also includes measures to prepare the UK for the risks associated with climate change.
Stemming from the Climate Change Act, there are of course lots of other laws, regulations and policies, reflecting the various sources of our greenhouse gas emissions – from the Government’s environment policy to rules on agriculture and transport, for example.
CAT, based in Wales, is an education and visitor centre bringing to life practical solutions for sustainability. They run a year-long programme of courses, from building tiny houses to sustainable development. CAT is perhaps best known in climate change circles for its flagship research, the Zero Carbon Britain report, showing that a modern, zero-emissions society is possible using technology available today. One of the authors, Paul Allen, hails from Penrith.
Climate Outreach (formerly COIN) supports those of us who communicate about climate change. It produces world-leading advice and practical tools for engagement, used by governments, businesses, NGOs and grassroots organisations – including by us here at CAfS. From webinars to guides and reports, there’s a wide range of superb resources and research available on the Climate Outreach website.
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is the international environmental treaty adopted on 9 May 1992 and opened for signature at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro from 3 to 14 June 1992. It’s been the basis for governmental action on climate change ever since.
COP is essentially the regular climate change conference organised by the United Nations, bringing countries together to decide and agree on measures to prevent damaging climate change.
Its full title is the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
The latest conference was COP24, which took place from 3-14 December 2018, in Katowice, Poland.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) assesses the science relating to climate change. It was set up in 1988 by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) to give policymakers regular assessments of the scientific basis of climate change, its impacts and future risks, and options for adaptation and mitigation.
IPCC assessments provide a scientific basis for governments at all levels to develop climate-related policies, and they underlie negotiations at the UN’s COP climate conferences.